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李行:Mark是什么意思

字号+ 作者:admin 来源:小丑鱼-分享科普知识 2020-11-12 20:35

markmark:Englishhastwowordsmark,althoughtheymaybeultimatelyrelated.Mark‘sign,trace’[OE]goesbacktoaprehistoric

李行:Mark是什么意思

  markmark: English has two words mark, although they may be ultimately related. Mark ‘sign, trace’ [OE] goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *markō. This seems originally to have denoted ‘boundary’ (that is what Old English mearc meant, and related forms such as march ‘border’ and margin still bear witness to it), but the notion of a ‘sign denoting a boundary’ seems to have led early on to the development of the word’s main present-day sense. Remark is closely related, as are marquis and marchioness, and marquetry [16], borrowed from French marqueterie, a derivative of marque ‘mark’, denotes etymologically work that is ‘marked’ with patterns. Mark ‘coin’ [OE] comes from medieval Latin marcus or marca, which may well derive ultimately from the ancestor of mark ‘sign, trace’ (its etymological meaning being ‘mark on a piece of metal, constituting a coin’).

  mark (n.1)"trace, impression," Old English (West Saxon), (Mercian) "boundary, sign, limit, mark," from Proto-Germanic (cognates: Old Norse "boundary, sign," "forest," which often marked a frontier; Old Frisian , Gothic "boundary, frontier," Dutch "mark, brand," German "boundary, boundary land"), from PIE "edge, boundary, border" (cognates: Latin "margin;" Avestan "border," Old Irish , Irish "borderland," Welsh "district").

  The primary sense is probably "boundary," which had evolved by Old English through "sign of a boundary," through "sign in general," then to "impression or trace forming a sign." Meaning "any visible trace or impression" first recorded c. 1200. Sense of "line drawn to indicate starting point of a race" (as in ) first attested 1887. The Middle English sense of "target" (c. 1200) is the notion in marksman and slang sense "victim of a swindle" (1883). The notion of "sign, token" is behind the meaning "numerical award given by a teacher" (1829). Influenced by Scandinavian cognates.mark (v.)"to put a mark on," Old English (West Saxon), (Anglian) "to trace out boundaries," from Proto-Germanic (cognates: Old Norse , Old Saxon , Old Frisian , Old High German , German "to mark, note," Middle Dutch and Dutch ), from the root of mark (n.1).

  Influenced by Scandinavian cognates. Meaning "to have a mark" is from c. 1400; that of "to notice, observe" is late 14c. Meaning "to put a numerical price on an object for sale" led to verbal phrase (1859). (1833) is from military drill. Related: Marked; marking. Old French "to mark, note, stamp, brand" is a Germanic loan-word.mark (n.2)"unit of money or weight," late Old English , a unit of weight (chiefly for gold or silver) equal to about eight ounces, probably from Old Norse "unit of weight," cognate with German , probably ultimately a derivative of mark (n.1), perhaps in sense of "imprinted weight or coin." Used from 18c. in reference to various continental coinages, especially. the silver coin of Germany first issued 1875.Markmasc. proper name, variant of Marcus (q.v.). Among the top 10 names given to boy babies born in the U.S. between 1955 and 1970.

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